Sugar-reduced cookies: Inulin shows potential, erythritol maybe not, says study

By Stephen DANIELLS

- Last updated on GMT

Sugar-reduced cookies: Inulin shows potential, erythritol maybe not, says study

Related tags: Replacement, Replacements

Formulators seeking reduced-sugar cookies that are also acceptable to consumers may consider inulin to replace some of the sucrose, but erythritol isn’t a valid option, suggests new research from Spain.

According to findings published in the Journal of Food Science​, erythritol as a sugar replacer in cookies performed well from a processing point of view, but the resulting cookie was deemed too hard in a consumer acceptance test.

On the other hand, replacing 25% of the sucrose in cookies with inulin did not detrimentally affect consumer perception of the product, report researchers from the Instituto de Agroquımica y Tecnologıa de Alimentos (CSIC) in Valencia, Spain.

The study comes at a time when consumers are paying a lot more attention to how much​ sugar is in their foods, according to a recent survey from Mintel Research Consultancy (MRC). Sugar intakes also hit the headlines again following the publication of a study claiming sugar consumption may have a ‘direct and independent’ link to the risk of developing diabetes.

Potential

Numerous research groups and corporate R&D groups have investigated the production of reduced sugar cookies, but, according the Valencia-based scientists, no-one has reported the effect of replacing sucrose with inulin in cookies.

Erythritol has been used as a sugar replacer in bakery products such as Danish cookies and chiffon cake, they said, with good results reported.

“Inulin and erythritol may be considered as sucrose substitutes with advantageous properties. Inulin possesses the advantage that may act as dietary fiber with prebiotic effects and erythritol has better digestive tolerance than other polyols,”​ they explained.

While the properties of these sugar substitutes may be considered advantageous, the results indicate that only inulin has potential for reduced-sugar cookies.

Formulation details

Short-dough cookies were prepared using inulin and erythritol to replace 25% or 50% of the sugar.

Results showed that both sucrose replacement strategies affected the texture of the cookies and how they looked.

“In general, sucrose substitutes produced a less crispy cookie and lower consumer acceptability, with the exception of 25% sucrose replacement by inulin,”​ wrote the researchers.

In sensory tests, the inulin cookies were closest to the control cookies, they said, with acceptance of the erythritol cookies decreasing significantly as the erythritol level increased.

“Changes in sensory and instrumental data were observed but a replacement of 25% sucrose was achieved without having a detrimental effect on consumer perception,”​ they explained.

“Further studies will be needed to achieve a complete sucrose replacement without quality loss,”​ they concluded.

Source: Journal of Food Science
Published online ahead of print, doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.12119
“Inulin and Erythritol As Sucrose Replacers in Short-dough Cookies: Sensory, Fracture, and Acoustic Properties”
Authors: L. Laguna, C. Primo-Martin, A. Salvador, T. Sanz

Related news

Related products

Leading the way to less sugar

Leading the way to less sugar

Cargill | 15-Jun-2022 | Infographic

Meeting consumer expectations for less sugar isn't always easy – due to its many functions and complex attitudes toward alternative sweeteners.

A label that stands out and stands up.

A label that stands out and stands up.

ADM | 31-May-2022 | Case Study

Combining superior taste, texture and functionality with clean label appeal just in time for the summer BBQ, ADM's solution for creamy, vegan mayonnaise...

Related suppliers

1 comment

Dried fruit is the answer, not additives.

Posted by chris aylmer,

If you make the cookies with raisins or other dried fruit, it will provide the natural sugars in the fruit as well as all the vitamins, minerals and fiber. Therefore there will be no need to add sugar, just the whole fruit and water. Soak the dried fruit first in hot water..the sweet juice will come into the water. Use this water as liquid in making the cookies and add the rest of the moist fruit to the cookie mixture. You have cookies with whole fruit and water but no added sucrose. Some natural vanilla or almond flavors or spices etc can be added to enhance the taste if desired.

Report abuse

Follow us

Products

View more

Webinars