Gelatin combo eyed for tomato waste encapsulation

By Stephen Daniells

- Last updated on GMT

Related tags Lycopene Carbon dioxide

Researchers from Taiwan are eying a combination of gelatin and
poly(-glutamic acid) (-PGA) for the encapsulation of lycopene from
tomato pulp waste, offering alternatives for the ingredient
increasingly in the consumer's eye.

The research taps into an ever-growing trend for food manufacturers to use microencapsulation technologies as a way of achieving much-needed differentiation and enhancing product value. Tapping into key and emerging consumer trends with innovative techniques is becoming increasingly important for food manufacturers. Microcapsules are tiny particles that contain an active agent or core material surrounded by a shell or coating, and are now increasingly being used in food ingredients preparation. Writing in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry​, researchers from Taipei's Fu Jen University and the Vedan Enterprise Corporation examined the potential of the gelatin-poly(-glutamic acid) (-PGA) combination as coating materials for lycopene encapsulation. Lycopene from tomatoes was approved for use in foods as a colouring in 1997. This has meant that the ingredient can be listed on labels as E1161D, but that companies have not been able to flag up 'contains lycopene' to draw attention to its health benefits. Lycopene has been the subject of much recent research, including its potential to reduce risk of certain cancers and heart disease. The lycopene was extracted from tomato waste using supercritical carbon dioxide, and then encapsulated using an emulsion system consisting of 4.5 per cent gelatin, 10 per cent PGA, and 4.8 per cent lycopene. Thermal stability of the coating was found to be maintained up to temperatures of 120 decrees Celsius, with average particle size of 37.7 micrometres. Lycopene encapsulation efficiency was 77 per cent, said the researchers, indicating a loss of only 23 per cent during the freeze-drying process. "A fast release of lycopene in the powder occurred at pH 5.5 and 7.0, while no lycopene was released at pH 2.0 and 3.5,"​ said the researchers. The combination may offer interesting alternatives to the established favourites of milk proteins and gum Arabic for the encapsulation of functional food ingredients Changing consumer trends and tastes are primarily responsible for driving innovation in the microencapsulation market, says market analyst Frost & Sullivan. Since food manufacturers constantly monitor such trends, food ingredients companies are always looking for ways to meet these ever-changing demands, thereby promoting the need for novel microencapsulation technologies. Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry​ Published on-line ahead of print, ASAP Article 10.1021/jf0700069 S0021-8561(07)00006-4 "Encapsulation of Lycopene Extract from Tomato Pulp Waste with Gelatin and Poly(-glutamic acid) as Carrier" ​Authors: Y. T. Chiu, C. P. Chiu, J. T. Chien, G. H. Ho, J. Yang, and B. H. Chen

Related news

Show more

Related products

show more

Consumer Attitudes on Ultra-Processed Foods Revealed

Consumer Attitudes on Ultra-Processed Foods Revealed

Content provided by Ayana Bio | 12-Jan-2024 | White Paper

Ayana Bio conducted the Ultra-Processed Food (UPF) Pulse survey, offering insight into consumers’ willingness to consume UPFs, as well as the variables...

Future Food-Tech San Francisco, March 21-22, 2024

Future Food-Tech San Francisco, March 21-22, 2024

Content provided by Rethink Events Ltd | 11-Jan-2024 | Event Programme

Future Food-Tech is the go-to meeting place for the food-tech industry to collaborate towards a healthier food system for people and planet.

Palate Predictions: Top Flavor Trends for 2024

Palate Predictions: Top Flavor Trends for 2024

Content provided by T. Hasegawa USA | 08-Jan-2024 | Application Note

As consumers seek increased value and experience from food and beverages, the industry relies on research to predict category trends. Studying trends that...

Oat Groats – Heat-treated Oat Kernels

Oat Groats – Heat-treated Oat Kernels

Content provided by Lantmännen Biorefineries AB | 06-Dec-2023 | Product Brochure

Lantmännen offers now Oat Groats: Heat-treated oat kernels, also known as oat groats or kilned oats, undergo heat treatment to inhibit enzymes that could...

Related suppliers

Follow us

Products

View more

Webinars