Canola oil secures GRAS status in infant formula after Danone petition gets green light

By Elaine Watson

- Last updated on GMT

Related tags Fatty acid

Canola oil secures GRAS status in infant formula after Danone petition gets green light
 Canola oil is now generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use as an ingredient in infant formula marketed in the US following a successful application from Danone Trading B.V. 

In a letter​ responding to Danone's application, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said it had no questions regarding the inclusion of canola oil as a source of fat in infant formulas at levels up to 31% of the total fat blend. 

“When used in combination with other oils that contain ​[omega-6 fatty acid] linoleic acid (LA), canola oil can be used by infant formula manufacturers to target appropriate levels ofLA (8-35% of total fatty acids), and ​[short-chain omega-3 fatty acid] alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) at 1.75-4% of total fatty acids) and ensure the fat blend is within the recommended ratio of LA:ALA between 6:1 and 16:1."

The approval is significant "as canola oil has not previously been used in infant formula in the U.S. due to the absence of a GRAS submission to do so,”​ said Shaunda Durance-Tod, M.S., R.D., manager of the CanolaInfo program at the Canola Council of Canada. “Canola oil is still a relative newcomer to the marketplace.”

Canola has a higher percentage of ALA than soybean oil

At 11%, canola oil has among the highest ALA content of all edible oils (compared with 8% in soybean oil), she claimed.

“Canola oil has a lower LA:ALA ratio than other commonly used oils. In addition, canola oil is widely available at an affordable price. It is now number two by volume in the U.S.”

CanolaInfo communications manager Angela Dansby added: "The enthusiasm is just starting to build for other companies​ [aside from Danone] to potentially use canola oil as an ingredient in their U.S. formulas. Danone has paved the way for other infant formula manufacturers to start taking advantage of heart-healthy canola oil.

"Soybean oil is currently being used as a source of the essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid  and linoleic acid in U.S. infant formula. However, canola oil has a higher ALA content (11% versus 8%) and less saturated fat (7% versus 15%) than soybean oil, offering a healthier fat profile overall. This might be a reason for a company to switch oils."

In its submission, which you can read here​, Danone said: "Canola oil has a higher ALA content with a lower linoleic acid content than soy oil, thereby facilitating the production of infant formulas with a more optimal overall essential fatty acid profile than if soy oil is used. Canola oil is a preferred source of ALA to soy oil in countries where there are no restrictions on its use in infant formula.

"Canola oil is used safely and extensively in infant formulas throughout the world​... Indeed, Danone has marketed infant formulas in many countries for many years with various levels of canola oil."

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1 comment

essential oil

Posted by jai,

Essential oils are organic compounds derived from plant sources such as roots, bark, flowers and seeds. They are complex chemical compounds and not technically oils at all! They are extracted using a variety of methods to capture the scented particles, leaving many of the other chemical constituents of the plant behind.

Aromatherapy is a complementary therapy based on holistic principles, using the application of essential oils to improve mental, physical, emotional and spiritual well-being. Oils can be applied in a variety of ways apart from massage.
Most of the chemical constituents of essential oils have a molecular weight of less than 1000m (m = weight of molecule). Theoretically, any substance with a molecular weight below 1000m should be absorbed by the skin There is controversy over the issue of skin absorption. Some parts of an essential oil can be absorbed into the skin, but there is no evidence to prove that it is then absorbed into the underlying tissues via the capillary and lymphatic vessels at the dosages used in ordinary aromatherapy mixes.

There is evidence that essential oils are absorbed into the bloodstream when inhaled. The many blood vessels in the lungs absorb the oils and circulate them throughout the body. Our sense of smell connects directly with the limbic system of the brain, which processes memories, associations and emotions.

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