Lobbying by agri-business killed New Mexico GMO labeling Bill, claim supporters

By Elaine WATSON

- Last updated on GMT

Picture: MillionsagainstMonsanto, Flickr
Picture: MillionsagainstMonsanto, Flickr

Related tags Genetically modified organism Genetically modified food Genetic engineering

Supporters of a New Mexico Senate bill proposing mandatory labeling for genetically engineered food and feed say they are disappointed it died on the Senate floor last week, but remain confident that other states’ GMO labeling initiatives will succeed.

The bill​ (SB18), sponsored by Sen. Peter Wirth (D-Santa Fe), proposed that products containing more than 1% by weight of a genetically modified material would need to be labeled, and had strong support from members of the public, claimed Eleanor Bravo, New Mexico organizer at advocacy group Food & Water Watch.

“It passed the Senate public affairs committee last Tuesday after an overwhelmingly positive discussion, but on Thursday, there was a vote on the Senate Floor not to adopt the committee’s report", ​she told FoodNavigator-USA.

"I’ve never seen this happen in the Senate before. This is my personal view, but I believe that agri-business got involved - they were lobbying here heavily - and I think they convinced some members of the Senate that labeling would cost a lot of money, which we don't believe is true.”

Food & Water Watch: Agri-food lobby convinced members of the Senate that labeling would cost a lot of money, which is just not true

Peter Wirth: 'While this defeat is a set-back, this discussion will continue at the state and national level'

23 senators rejected the report submitted by Committee Chair Senator Jerry Ortiz y Pino, with several who had been expected to vote in favor, voting against, claimed Bravo.

Senator Peter Wirth said in a statement: “New Mexicans want and deserve a label that tells them whether or not their food has been genetically engineered… While this defeat is a set-back, this discussion will continue at the state and national level.”

Washington GMO initiative likely to go to a vote in March or April

The New Mexico bill is the latest in a series of state-based GMO labeling initiatives including California’s Proposition 37​ - which was narrowly defeated in November​ - and Washington State’s I-522, which has just secured enough signatures to go to the state legislature​.

Similar initiatives are also underway in other states, including Vermont, Missouri and Hawaii.

I-522 is likely to go to a vote in March or April, after being certified last week. According to state law, the legislature can adopt it as law, put it to the popular vote in November 2013, or create an amended version that would appear on the November ballot alongside the original version, and send both versions to voters.  

Hoffman: I think GMO labeling at a national level is inevitable

Ben & Jerry's is in favor of mandatory GMO labeling, although its parent company Unilever is not

Steven Hoffman, managing partner of health food marketing agency Compass Natural Marketing, said he believed that “the bill stands a good chance”.

He added: “While the pro-GMO lobby was spending $1m a day in the run up to the vote on Prop 37, and it was defeated in the end, I think the debate raised awareness at a national and international level about GMOs. The world was watching.

“I think GMO labeling at a national level is now inevitable. The FDA has more than a million signatures from the Just Label It petition and it has just filed it away and done nothing.

“At the same time, we have all these state initiatives. I think we’ll get to a point where the food companies will say we can’t cope with all these different rules at a state level, and the FDA will have to do something ​[at a federal level].”

Missouri GMO labeling bill a ‘pre-emptive move’

Missouri Senate Bill 155 was modeled on Alaskan Bill SB25, which was designed to ensure that AquaBounty's genetically engineered Atlantic salmon would be labeled accordingly, should the FDA approve it for human consumption

Meanwhile, a spokesman for Missouri Senator Jamilah Nasheed, who has just introduced a bill (SB 155​) proposing mandatory labeling for genetically engineered meat and fish, said the Bill had strong support.

“We know our Bill only focuses on meat and fish, but it is designed to be a pre-emptive move as we know many people are concerned about genetically engineered salmon​ and meat products that might come on the market in future.”

Asked why, if Senator Nasheed believed consumers had a right to know which foods were genetically engineered, she was only proposing labels for meat and fish rather than the thousands of foods containing GE ingredients that are already​ on the market, he said a narrow proposal was more likely to pass than a more comprehensive labeling initiative such as Prop 37.

"Part of the reason is practicality."

American Meat Institute: If Missouri Bill is passed, it would be preempted by the Federal Meat Inspection Act  

However, the American Meat Institute, which stressed that it is “not aware of any livestock produced through genetic modification in the US”, ​claimed that the bill would in any case be pre-empted by federal law should it pass.

“Based on our understanding of the law, if it were passed, it would be preempted by the Federal Meat Inspection Act for any products produced in federal establishments.”

NPA National has not taken a position on I-522 but NPA North West supports it

More than 1.2m people have signed the Just Label It petition to urge the FDA to consider GMO labeling

The Grocery Manufacturers Association has consistently opposed GMO labeling initiatives in individual states, although representatives from several leading food manufacturers and retail giant Walmart are reported​ to have attended a meeting in Washington last month convened by the Meridian Institute to discuss federal labeling options.

Trade associations representing the natural products industry have been more ambivalent about state-level initiatives, however.

The Natural Products Association (NPA) and the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) both opposed Prop 37 amid concerns about a tidal wave of litigation arising from its private enforcement provisions, plus frustration with its limited definition of 'natural' foods.

However, they have been more equivocal over Washington’s I-522 initiative, which would also permit private individuals to take legal action to enforce it (60 days after giving notice to the state and alleged violator) and would allow the courts to "award reasonable costs and attorneys’ fees"​ to private plaintiffs. However, I-522 plaintiffs cannot seek damages.

The CRN says it has “no set position​” on I-522 and the NPA says “NPA National has not taken a position on this... but NPA North West does support it.”

Opponents of GMO labeling say it would mislead and falsely alarm consumers, and increase costs without any clear benefit.

They also point out that the FDA believes that genetically engineered foods that do not differ from conventional counterparts "in any meaningful or material way​" do not warrant additional labeling.


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Dave - settle down

Posted by Mike,

My goodness, if things don't go your way (anti-GMO groups), it is corrupt this or tampering that, or conspiracy. Have you ever considered that a reasonable, non tirade discussion would get more people to listen? When you call everyone corrupt, evil, criminal, etc., you are really not helping your cause.

As for the public not being able to tell between GMO foods or organic, are you saying people cannot read? Last I saw in the stores, the organic industry/foods clearly label as organic as to differentiate themselves. And organic by definition is not suppose to contain GMOs so I do not really understand your comment on that.

As for all the studies and research that have been conducted (pro or con) on GMOs or HFCS or other 'franken foods', I would be the first to admit that most of what is conducted is more than I can decipher and I base my thoughts on the summaries which I assume most people (non-scientific) do. And I am guessing for you as well. I see both sides of the debate. For whatever reason, you have chosen to believe one side and that is your choice.
It is OK to be passionate about your beliefs and causes, but conduct yourselves in a more civil manner. Name calling and accusations are not going to get you very far.

Food for thought: You worry about foods that 'may' (your words) possibly give you allergies/cancer. Why are you not politicking against all the 'evil' air pollution coming out of California with all the vehicle traffic? Auto exhausts have been proven to be harmful by all the scientific community. I would think that is a much more immediate issue. Go after the auto manufactures to enforce non polluting cars at a reasonable cost. Just trying to give you a perspective.

I see there is finally a bill to start to put brakes on all the lawsuits propigated by Prop 65. The same basic language should be applied to all the 'Label GMO' bills up front.

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I want to know WHO in NM voted against this

Posted by William West,

Does anyone know which New Mexico Senators voted against this? We need to figure out who the corporatist traitors are and start taking action!

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GMO's are being forced on an unsuspecting public

Posted by Dave,

For the simple matter corrupt government agencies do not require labeling, while GMO's are hidden in practically everything in the grocery store, from children's cereal to aspertame soda pop. There's no way for the average person to distinguish between GMO franken foods or organic, other then one may give you allergies/cancer and kill you in ten years. What does monsanto care if 30 percent of the population die of cancer? Let the victims try to prove GMO's caused their cancer, while the medical establishment and big pharmaceutical companies reap huge gains from the GMO cash cow.

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